History of the watch Bracelet

Today, the wristwatch has become so commonplace that we imagine that it has always been the standard. And yet, his invention is fairly recent. Until the end of the first world war, in 1918, the Pocket Watch remained ally privileged men, inseparable from the vest, accessory mode number one in the ranks of the gente male. One of the first known uses of a watch worn on the wrist is all the same to the credit of a man: Blaise Pascal. The philosopher, physicist and french mathematician, who lived between 1623-1662, had used to attach his pocket with a piece of twine watch on his left wrist, to be able to read the time more easily. But it was an exception, because historically, the first wristwatches were jewelry for women.

A gem for women popularized by the military

The watch was first made bracelet, to conquer the female market. It is a fashion accessory, more that of a precise and reliable timepieces. The trace, in a book of accounts, was thus found an attached to a bracelet watch manufactured by Jaquet-Droz et Leschot in Geneva in 1790. But the one that remains in the history as the first wristwatch is the Queen of Naples, commissioned Breguet in 1810 by Caroline Murat, Napoleon's sister. Delivered in 1812, she gave birth to the Reine de Naples collection which is still listed in the catalogue of Breguet. It is immediately recognisable thanks to its unique oval shape. At the beginning of the 20th century, wrist watches for ladies are not very specific, because they induce a small mechanism, and therefore less accurate. If the woman is found there, the first models for men were considered as wacky, too effeminate and not really won membership.

These are the military, and particularly pilots who allowed viriliser and democratize the wristwatch as a measure of time. The first series production seems to date back to 1880. The firm of Girard-Perregaux has developed at that time a concept wrist watch for the officers of the German Navy, commissioned by Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany 1. In all, 2 000 watches have been produced, all equipped with a protective grille.

Considering that the wristwatch has truly been proven as an object of military equipment during the Boer War, which is held from 1899 to 1902. After the war, an artillery officer then narrated his experience of the wristwatch in real condition, telling that she proved indispensable to the field equipment. Thus, as early as 1904, Louis Cartier joined the German Wiens Wilsdorf to create a watch of this type for one of his friends, aviator Alberto Santos Dumont, who had complained of the difficulties to read the time on a watch pocket in mid-flight. The Santos model is marketed starting from 1911, and sounds the hour of industrial development of the wristwatch.

She then equipped the airmen, who the bore even sometimes in the thigh for practical reasons, and all other corps of the army. During the first world war, Omega produced military wristwatches, they also strengthened by a perforated metal grill placed in front of the dial, which equipped some troops of the American expeditionary force. "The Ders Der" helped popularize the wristwatch, which was still figure of novelty at the beginning of the conflict in 1914, even though it was already widespread. Since then, the watch became waterproof at abyssal depths, highly precise, or extra-thin. A century was sufficient to make it a staple of our wrists!


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